Jinnah ,s Ideology is unwantedly muddled between secular & Islamic.
Jinnah is Labeled secular based on extracts from his first speech. Here’s one of his last speeches on the occasion of inauguration of state bank of Pakistan (2 months before his death in July 1948). He is cynical of the western economic & banking model & instead suggests a model based on true Islamic concepts. Apparently this speech has never been related.
I would say, rational interpretation of Jinnah,s speeches is indicative of Pakistan as a Modern Islamic ( non-theocratic) state & not a secular one.
1st July, 1948.
“I shall watch with keenness the work of your Research Organization in evolving banking practices compatible with Islamic ideas of social and economic life. The economic system of the West has created almost insoluble problems for humanity and to many of us it appears that only a miracle can save it from disaster that is not facing the world. It has failed to do justice between man and man and to eradicate friction from the international field. On the contrary, it was largely responsible for the two world wars in the last half century. The Western world, in spite of its advantages, of mechanization and industrial efficiency is today in a worse mess than ever before in history. The adoption of Western economic theory and practice will not help us in achieving our goal of creating a happy and contended people. We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our mission as Muslims and giving to humanity the message of peace which alone can save it and secure the welfare, happiness and prosperity of mankind.”
Mr. Jinnah’s presidential address to the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan
August 11, 1947
“You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place or worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed that has nothing to do with the business of the State. As you know, history shows that in England, conditions, some time ago, were much worse than those prevailing in India today. The Roman Catholics and the Protestants persecuted each other. Even now there are some States in existence where there are discriminations made and bars imposed against a particular class. Thank God, we are not starting in those days. We are starting in the days where there is no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another, no discrimination between one caste or creed and another. We are starting with this fundamental principle that we are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.
Hindus would cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State.”
I wouldn’t use quotes anymore to prove my point, and tailor his vision just like Mullahs have done with Islam & Shariah. Twisting it in accordance to their taste – discarding the fundamental principals. Lets use the rare commonsense!
There are attributes where there is definite consensus. Certainly, he was definitely never a Sycophant! Moreover, did not want a bootlicking future lead! His vision of social justice, a welfare state, and self-reliance is altogether ignored by a fruitless discourse about whether he was Islamic or secular. His selflessness, possession of high self-esteem, integrity, & dignity- the fundamental traits he designated for his nation are rightly rejected. That is, the foundation has been discarded.
The world has changed. Let us admit to that. Even the secular Turkey, (not yet included in EU, while meager Romania is!) is leaning towards non-secular values. Hence, forget a secular Pakistan is ever possible. So what is the fruitless, impractical discourse for?
The intelligentsia’s obsession over superficial secular/Islamic Jinnah should end now. Lets move on. The question should rather be “what Islamic Pakistan did he mean?” …and here, Iqbal comes to the rescue. (Only if someone is really willing to understand and find the answers in the real spirit of it)
“Liberal or liberated?” -Iqbal guides you. “Jinnah -Iqbal -Islam” triad and hence Pakistan for me is liberated.
Fundamentalism cannot be culminated by counter-fundamentalism, but by brining better Islamic orientation in the real spirit of it and in consistent with the Modern world, rightly elaborated by Iqbal. His work on religious reconstruction needs interpretation and implementation. This job needs to be done by the best-educated Pakistanis acquainted with the west as well. I suggest reading it once in a lifetime!
Unfortunately, both right and the left are in a host-guest relationship, needing each other to run their kitchens, oblivious to the national interest and needs. In case the sterile brains refuse to be used, the least that can be done is follow Turks.
PS: A Muslim can speak English, have sophisticated & polished manners, western resemblance in life-style and can still be a Muslim and for that matter a Muslim leader. There are millions of Caucasian Muslims in west.